Even for seats where the connections are automatically established when the seat is reinstalled, the automatic connectors might malfunction and a proper connection may not be made. Lives Saved Calculations for Seat Belts and Frontal Air Bags. 30. DOT HS 812 594). Approximately 37,000+ people die annually on the roads of the United States. NHTSA's 2015 Survey of Principal Drivers of Vehicles with a Rear Seat Belt Reminder System also investigated the acceptability of rear seat belt warning systems. This study, which was completed in 2015, involved a telephone survey of the drivers of vehicles with and without rear seat belt warning systems. The OFR/GPO partnership is committed to presenting accurate and reliable You can arrange with the docket to be notified when others file comments in the docket. The new ECE regulation simply requires that the visual warning be visible to the driver when they are facing forward. [Found in the docket for this ANPRM.]. 04/28/2023, 858 Although it is of no doubt that the use of seatbelt reduces the incidence and severity of MVC-induced TLJ injury, how it is protective for front-seat occupants of an automobile after rollover crashes is unclear. The belt was buckled before the occupant sat in the seat. House Report 107-108, June 22, 2001. trucks and multipurpose passenger vehicles (MPVs) with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,536 kilograms (kg) (10,000 pounds (lb)) or less (except for some compliance options which do not require the warning);[21] The ___ signals the driver to stop behind the limit or crosswalk line before the intersection, Turn lanes are specifically designated lanes in the roadway for turning either right or left. Road rage is the term used to refer to physical assaults that result from a traffic dispute. Rear seat belts are generally required except in certain buses (such as school buses) between 10,000 lb and 26,000 lb, and for school, perimeter, and transit buses over 26,000 lb. 208 to require a seat belt warning system for rear seats on passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles (MPVs) with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 4,536 kilograms (10,000 pounds) or less. [82] This action has been determined to be significant under Executive Order 12866, as amended by Executive Order 13563, and the Department of Transportation (DOT) Order 2100.6, Policies and Procedures for Rulemakings. It has been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866. These systems might be more effective than a positive-only system because they would directly inform the driver whether any rear seat occupants were unbuckled, without the driver having to compare the number or location of occupants and fastened belts. 2015. That is, women, elderly drivers, speeding, seat belt non-use, and recent model year vehicles are associated with an increased risk of fatality. See Transportation Research Board Study, supra, p. 31 n.3. The front occupant visual signal must remain active until the seat belt is fastened. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, [Found in the docket for this ANPRM.]. [22] Is this an appropriate threshold? See 56 FR 3222 (Jan. 29, 1991). When asked about their experience with the change of seat belt buckle status alert, close to half of drivers of vehicles with a rear seat belt warning system (49%) said that their system has indicated that a passenger had unfastened his/her seat belt within the past year. For the front seats the seat belt reminder system is required to have a 2-level approach. For example, should NTHSA propose requirements for the color of the telltale, required text, pictorial vs. alphanumeric, or whether it flashes? 0000116003 00000 n 27. 208 requires a seat belt warning system for the driver's seat, but not other seating positions. 208 requires the air bag system to be active during several static tests using a 5th percentile adult female dummy in the right front passenger seat. [84] Get an answer. Also, the first level warning for rear seats can be dismissed by the driver. We seek comment on how NHTSA might specify warning requirements so that any such conflicts are avoided or minimized, and, if a conflict cannot be avoided, which warning, if any, should take precedence. The new ECE regulation also specifies that a change-of-status audible warning component be 30 seconds long.[85]. Chapter 301, Motor Vehicle Safety (49 U.S.C. Euro NCAP and Start Printed Page 51086the revised ECE regulations do not have such specifications. Rear seats are used in ways that complicate occupant detection. NHTSA also seeks comment on the technological and economic feasibility of alternative rear seat belt warning systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, p. 10. The number of non-drivers surveyed was relatively small. The TRB report (published in 2004) found that new seat belt use technologies could increase belt use without being overly intrusive. In Florida, in 2017, approximately _______ people died every day in alcohol-related crashes. 19. To facilitate an effective warning that advances safety and is appropriate for diverse vehicle types and uses, NHTSA seeks comment on alternative cost-effective solutions that would alert the driver when a rear seat passenger buckles and/or unbuckles. Without a rear seat belt warning, the driver must turn around to ascertain whether a rear seat occupant is using a seat belt (or ask the occupant); in some vehicles, belt use may not be evident to the driver, even if he or she turned around, due to line-of-sight limitations. 16, Revision 9 Seat belts are effective in most types of crashes. A seat belt warning was first required in 1971, when NHTSA sought to increase seat belt use by adopting occupant protection compliance options that included the use of a seat belt warning for the front outboard seating positions. If you are using public inspection listings for legal research, you Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. 39. Jaguar Land Rover first introduced rear seat belt warning systems in the MY 2010 Jaguar XJ, and since then has equipped four additional vehicles models with such systems (Range Rover Evoque, Range Rover, Range Rover Sport, and Discovery Sport). Regulatory History of Automatic Crash Protection in FMVSS 208. Mark Freedman et al. 30124. Foldable, rotating or otherwise stowable seats (e.g., Stow-n-Go, Flip and Fold) are prominent in the third row of minivans or large sport utility vehicles. documents in the last year, 9 Volvo, Toyota, Mazda, Ford and Jaguar Land Rover offer vehicles for sale in the U.S. with rear seat belt warning systems. The guidelines could identify best practices for manufacturers who wish to equip vehicles with a rear seat belt warning system. Many vehicle manufacturers subsequently implemented enhanced seat belt warnings for the driver and front outboard passenger seating positions. DOT 2007 Acceptability Study, supra, pp. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced. Explain why the water at geysers and some springs is hot. ), the Secretary of Transportation is responsible for prescribing motor vehicle safety standards that are practicable, meet the need for motor vehicle safety, and are stated in objective terms. Prior to the enactment of MAP-21, the agency could not require the audible warning to operate for more than 8 seconds. See www.regulations.gov for more information. Because MAP-21 removed the 8-second limitation, NHTSA may require longer-lasting audible warnings. NHTSA surveyed (by telephone) drivers of vehicles with and without a rear seat belt warning system. The warning must be noticeable enough to prompt occupants to buckle their seat belts, but not so intrusive that the public does not accept the warning system, that an occupant will circumvent or disable it, or that the warning system could lead to driver distraction that could increase the risk of a crash.[98]. We seek comment on whether NHTSA should propose requirements to address circumvention. 0000190039 00000 n [16] Should the criteria Start Printed Page 51085take into account the presence of child restraint systems? Other audible signal characteristics. Volvo, Toyota, Mazda, Ford and Jaguar Land Rover offer vehicles for sale in the U.S. with rear seat belt warning systems. There could be instances for manual connection seats where the driver either forgets to make the connection or makes an improper connection. 14. IIHS reported that enhanced SBRSs are standard equipment for the driver and front passenger in 90 and 78 percent, respectively, of the 2013 vehicle models. To what extent would or should such requirements constrain manufacturers' design choices, and how could such constraints be minimized? WebUsed Car Warranty. Removable seats are mainly found in the second row of minivans. 67. insomnia. FMVSS No. In it, we seek comment on a variety of issues related to a requirement for a rear seat belt warning system, including potential requirements for such systems, the vehicles to which they should apply, their effectiveness, the likely consumer acceptance, and the associated costs and benefits. The warning system in such vehicles might be required to automatically connect the electrical connections when the seat is put in place or, if a manual electrical connection is required, the connectors might be required to be readily accessible. This series of research studies showed, among other things, that the presence of an enhanced front seat belt reminder system increased front outboard passenger seat belt use by about 3 to 4 percentage points more than in vehicles with only a driver seat belt warning system meeting the minimum requirements in S7.3. The Public Inspection page may also that agencies use to create their documents. documents in the last year, 1008 The warning requirements for automatic belts in S4.5.3 mirror, with some differences, the first compliance option. documents in the last year, 295 For a fuller discussion of the history of the active and passive protection requirements in FMVSS No. The agency's research has noted that no clear consensus exists about which warning system features are most acceptable,[70] are not part of the published document itself. See, e.g., DOT 2009 Belt Warning Study, supra, p. 54. on Please organize your comments so they appear in the same order as the topics to which they respond appear in this document. b) convicted of reckless driving three times in one year, Florida Traffic School Online (4-Hour BDI) Ex, Earth - why was it created, what's its purpos, Fundamentals of Engineering Economic Analysis, David Besanko, Mark Shanley, Scott Schaefer, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Hendrick Van Ness, J.M. 90. NHTSA, therefore, seeks comment on the potential benefits and costs of the different types of rear seat belt warning system discussed in this notice, including those that provide a warning similar to the kinds of seat belt warnings that are provided in current-production vehicles in the United States or elsewhere in the world, as well as other potentially novel approaches. [67] Docket No. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. According to the results of NHTSA's most recent self-reporting survey of seat belt use, the Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey (MVOSS), while more than four-fifths of survey respondents said they always wore their seat belts when driving (88%) or riding as a passenger in the front seat (86%), only 58 percent said they always wore their seat belts when riding as a passenger in the rear seat. These tools are designed to help you understand the official document Who should the signal warnthe driver, the rear passenger(s), or both? 68 FR 46262 (Aug. 5, 2003). on See Figure 1. 2007. DOT 2007 Acceptability Study, supra, p. 41. The agency received 26 comments. See 76 FR 53102 (Aug. 25, 2011) (denial of a petition for rulemaking to mandate the installation of three-point seat belts for all seating positions on all school buses). on informational resource until the Administrative Committee of the Federal ECE Regulation No. 0000031263 00000 n Speeding was a contributing factor in 27% of all fatal crashes in 2016, and 10,111 lives were lost in speeding-related crashes. If NHTSA were to propose system requirements for occupant detection (either mandatory or as a compliance option), seat occupancy criteria might be necessary to objectively specify when a seat is occupied for the purposes of NHTSA's compliance testing. Obstruction of vehicle windows. 0000013109 00000 n It directs the Secretary to either issue a final rule, or, if the Secretary determines that such an amendment does not meet the requirements and considerations of 49 U.S.C. To test whether an air bag system either suppresses or properly deploys the front outboard passenger air bag in the presence of a child or small-stature individual, NHTSA tests the air bag system with a variety of different dummies. WebThe following vehicles can use the Express Lanes. the material on FederalRegister.gov is accurately displayed, consistent with How much more complex or expensive would they be? NHTSA seeks comment on whether, and to what degree, a rear seat belt warning would be effective. 1503 & 1507. daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov will remain an unofficial documents in the last year, 37 Drivers should not be influenced by friends or peer groups when driving and should make their own decisions in regard to driving habits. Upon receiving your comments, Docket Management will return the postcard by mail. Manufacturers would Start Printed Page 51089also have to determine whether driver and rear passenger seat belt warning visual signals would be treated the same. documents in the last year, 825 0000005625 00000 n Your driving privilege will be canceled if you fail to comply with some portion of the Florida Statutes. NHTSA also seeks comment on warning systems that utilize occupant detection. Belt use criteria. 82. 0000020009 00000 n Mazzae, E.N., Baldwin, G.H.S., & Andrella, A.T. (2018, October). It also recommended that Congress amend the Safety Act to eliminate the 8-second limit on the length of the audible warning. 10. Having an audible or longer-duration visual warning activate for an unoccupied seat (such as might be the case if the system did not have occupant detection) could be a nuisance for the driver and might either desensitize the occupants to the Start Printed Page 51084warning signal, or lead them to circumvent or defeat the system. What minimum length of time would be sufficient to capture the driver's (or passenger's) attention for the rear seat belt warning, without becoming a distraction or nuisance for the driver (or passenger)? Webpassenger using both unbelted 5th percentile female and unbelted 50th percentile male dummies in the rigid barrier crash tests at 30-mph. Both Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for substantive data to be relied on and used by NHTSA, it must meet the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data Quality Act guidelines. We also note that school buses of all sizes offer passengers compartmentalization protection to reduce the risk of crash injury, even to the unbelted. Developing appropriate attitudes depends on recognizing that attitudes are: Approximately 100,000 police-reported crashes annually involve drowsiness and fatigue as a principal casual factor. Second, it requires the Secretary to initiate a rulemaking proceeding to amend FMVSS No. NOPUS observations are made during daylight hours and are not necessarily representative of high-risk driving times when belt use may be lower. For example, the system could indicate how many or which rear seat belts are in use (a positive-only system); how many or which rear seat belts are not in use (a negative-only system); or how many or which rear seat belts are in use and how many or which rear seat belts are not in use (a full-status system). [54] Harmonization with regulatory requirements or new car assessment programs in other markets. What is now the first option (S7.3(a)(1)) was added to S7.3 in 1991.[26]. Only 66 percent of people who said they always wore seat belts while driving also said they always wore them as rear seat passengers. In 2012, Congress passed MAP-21. 2007 Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey, Volume 2, Seat Belt Report. WebGeneral EV Charging Information. Contrary to the agency's expectations, the initial vehicle introduction of these systems in the early 1970s was not well-received by the public. WebMotor vehicle collision (MVC) is one of the most common causes of thoracolumbar junction (TLJ) injury. See S571.3. for better understanding how a document is structured but Such a warning may reduce the risk of injury to children by alerting the driver that a child has unbuckled his or her seat belt, providing the driver an opportunity to direct the child to re-buckle the belt. documents in the last year, 931 In light of the Congressional directives concerning seat belt warnings, NHTSA has taken a variety of actions to research the effectiveness and acceptance of seat belt warnings. However, even these sensors could be defeated by pulling out additional webbing and clipping it off to prevent retraction; or. We recognize that larger vehicles with many rear designated seating positions may present challenges. and services, go to The agency also determined that the Safety Act did not prohibit manufacturers from implementing enhanced warning systems as long as the manufacturer provided some means of differentiating the voluntarily-provided signal from the required signal (for example, by a clearly distinguished lapse in time between the two signals). A.) [91] ------WebKitFormBoundaryYJfQNYRidn32dAGX 16, Revision 9 [57] 9. MVOSS does, however, provide demographic detail that cannot be observed and insight into the reasons people do and do not use seat belts. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document. The agency also seeks comment on the safety need for such warnings and the costs and feasibility of addressing these issues. [27] The current driver's seat belt visual warning is required to last at least 60 seconds under the second compliance option. All of these manufacturers' rear seat belt warning systems use a display that is visible to the driver and indicates which rear seat belts are in use, as well as employing a change-of-status reminder that has visual and audible components. Webbelted and unbelted occupants. In response, the agency conducted a multi-phase research study (described below). The occupant is repositioned to a location within the air bag deployment path just prior to deployment by a pre-impact or at-impact event. 99. 208, Occupant crash protection, to require a seat belt use warning system for rear seats. 0000018071 00000 n Enhanced warnings therefore generally need to work in conjunction with an occupant detection system, and even this might not completely eliminate the possibilities of false warnings (for example, if a rear seat is occupied by a pet or groceries). that have the potential to raise and/or sustain safety belt use rates. The report went on to identify several such initiatives, which it classified as either behavioral or vehicle-based. NHTSA's consumer research shows that part-time non-users make up the majority of non-users (83%), while hard-core non-users make up a smaller proportion of non-users (17%). Drivers do not need to be aware of road hazards and road conditions that may affect their vehicle. 208 specifies multiple performance tests using 1-, 3-, and 6-year-old Anthropomorphic Test Devices (test dummies) both in and out of a Child Restraint System (CRS). 0000009615 00000 n 80. Should the warning be standardized, and would this increase the likelihood that consumers would notice, recognize, and respond to the warnings? More than 400 of these occupants would have survived if they had worn their seat belts. 30111,[43] The report also noted that there are a wide range of initiatives . The vehicles in the study sample had a wide variety of seat belt warning systems. [40] Occupant detection technology. Register documents. 0000016204 00000 n Vehicle occupants include drivers and passengers. (2019, February). The Public Inspection page Issued in Washington, DC, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.95 and 501.5. 102. Since seat belt warning systems are generally initiated at the beginning of a trip (i.e., when the ignition switch is moved to the on or start position) so as to assure that occupants are safely restrained prior to any potential vehicle crash, this is perhaps the most intuitive approach for rear seat belt warnings as well. 72. Document Drafting Handbook 0000031621 00000 n In the U.S., occupant detection is widely used in existing vehicles in the front outboard designated seating positions, either as part of an advanced air bag system, or as part of a voluntary seat belt warning system. Volvo started offering rear seat belt warnings in its vehicles in 2009 and currently all its vehicle models are equipped with rear seat belt warnings.

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